V. Attendance and preparation

  1. Attendance and class preparation required. The Law School requires regular and punctual class attendance and appropriate class preparation of each student.  For online courses, attendance includes participation in any real-time (i.e., synchronous) course requirements at the specified times.
  2. Instructor implementation of attendance and class preparation requirements. Each instructor will implement reasonable mechanisms for enforcing the Law School's requirement of regular and punctual attendance and appropriate class preparation. Such enforcement mechanisms may include:
    1. Barring the student from participating in any assessment mechanism that the course uses, including quizzes, midterm examinations, and the final examination (after providing notice in accordance with V.D).
    2. Adjusting the student's final grade downward in accordance with V.F.
    3. Having the student withdrawn involuntarily from the course (after providing notice in accordance with V.D).
    4. Assigning a failing grade to the student (after providing notice in accordance with V.D). 
  3. Notice to students of attendance and preparation policy. The instructor will provide written notice to all students enrolled in the course of the instructor's attendance and preparation policy for the course. Notice of the instructor's policy must be provided before the end of the applicable drop period for the course.
  4. Notice to student in jeopardy of certain adverse actions. If a student's failure to meet a course's stated attendance and preparation policy has placed that student in jeopardy of being excluded from an assessment mechanism for the course, being withdrawn involuntarily from the course, or receiving a failing grade for the course, the instructor will send written notice to the student, addressed to the email address for that student on file with the Law School Records Office, in advance of taking the action. No notice is required for a downward adjustment, in accordance with V.F, to a student's final grade as a result of the student's attendance.
  5. Discretionary additional coursework. An instructor may, in the instructor's sole discretion, assign additional coursework to a student who is in jeopardy of an adverse action because the student has failed to satisfy the instructor's stated attendance and preparation policy. An instructor who chooses to assign such extra work may treat the student's successful completion of the assigned work as sufficient to mitigate the adverse consequences otherwise applicable to the student under the instructor's stated policy. Whether the student has successfully completed the additional work will be decided by the instructor in the instructor's sole discretion. Nothing in this V.E shall be construed as requiring an instructor to assign additional coursework as an option for a student who has failed to satisfy the instructor's stated policy.
  6. Grade adjustments to reflect participation. An instructor may raise or lower a student's grade by one step (e.g., from a "B" to a "B+" or a "B-") based on the student's participation in the course.