Kingsley R. Browne
Office: Room 3229
Telephone: (313) 577-0476
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B.A., George Washington University
M.A., University of Colorado
J.D., University of Denver
Biology and Behavior Seminar
Prior to joining Wayne State's faculty in 1989, Professor Browne was a partner in the San Francisco-based law firm of Morrison & Foerster, where he specialized in labor and employment law. Following law school at the University of Denver, where he graduated first in his class and was an editor of the law review, he clerked for Justice Luis Rovira of the Supreme Court of Colorado and then for Justice Byron White of the Supreme Court of the United States.
Professor Browne's publications have dealt primarily with various aspects of employment discrimination law and with the legal implications of evolved differences between the sexes. His most recent book is Co-ed Combat: The New Evidence that Women Shouldn't Fight the Nation's Wars (Sentinel, 2007). His previous book, Biology at Work: Rethinking Sexual Equality (Rutgers University Press, 2002) was named one of the "Outstanding Academic Titles of 2002" by Choice Magazine.
Co-ed Combat: The New Evidence that Women Shouldn’t Fight the Nation’s Wars (Sentinel (Penguin USA)) November 2007
American military women are increasingly exposed to combat risks, and opposition to Pentagon policy barring women from ground-combat specialties is becoming louder. Co-ed Combat examines assumptions underlying arguments for sexual integration of combat units in light of physical and psychological differences between the sexes. Differences in the functioning of all-male and mixed-sex groups – coupled with these physical and psychological sex differences – suggest that inclusion of women in combat units will lead to a weaker military.
Biology at Work: Rethinking Sexual Equality (Rutgers University Press) July 2002 The Rutgers Series in Human Evolution
Does biology help explain why women, on average, earn less money than men? Is there any evolutionary basis for the scarcity of female CEOs in Fortune 500 companies? According to Kingsley Browne, the answer may be yes. Biology at Work brings an evolutionary perspective to bear on issues of women in the workplace: the "glass ceiling," the "gender gap" in pay, sexual harassment, and occupational segregation. Winner of WSU Board of Governors Faculty Recognition Award for 2002/03.
The Evolutionary Psychology of Sexual Harassment (in press), in Todd K. Shackleford & Joshua Duntley (eds.), Evolutionary Forensic Psychology, pp. 81-100, Oxford University Press (August 2008)
Percent Solutions and Diversity in University Admissions (in press), to appear in Gail Heriot (ed.), California Dreaming: Proposition 209 and the Principle of Non-Discrimination in Action (Institute of Governmental Studies) (2008)
Military Sex Scandals from Tailhook to the Present: The Cure Can Be Worse than the Disease, DUKE JOURNAL OF GENDER LAW & POLICY, 14:749-789 (2007)
Sex, Power, and Dominance: The Evolutionary Psychology of Sexual Harassment, MANAGERIAL AND DECISION ECONOMICS, 27:145–158 (2006)
Evolved Sex Differences and Occupational Segregation, JOURNAL OF ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR, 27:143-162 (2006)
Women in Science: Biological Factors Should Not Be Ignored, CARDOZO WOMEN’S LAW JOURNAL, 11(3):509-528 (2005)
Book Review, Eugene R. Fidell and Dwight H. Sullivan (eds.), Evolving Military Justice, ARMED FORCES & SOCIETY: AN INTERDISCIPLINARY JOURNAL, 30:690-693 (2004)
The Silenced Workplace: Employer Censorship Under Title VII, in Catharine MacKinnon & Reva Siegel (eds.), DIRECTIONS IN SEXUAL HARASSMENT LAW, pp. 399-416, Yale University Press (2004)
Women in the Workplace: Evolutionary Perspectives and Public Policy, in Charles Crawford & Catherine Salmon (eds.), EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY, PUBLIC POLICY AND PERSONAL DECISIONS, pp. 275-292, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates (2004)
The Use of “Race Neutral” Entrance Criteria to Achieve Racial Diversity in University Admissions, ACADEMIC QUESTIONS, 15(1): 19-32 (2002)
Yitzhak Fried, Ariel S. Levi, Steven W. Billings, & Kingsley R. Browne, The Relation Between Political Ideology and Attitudes Toward Affirmative Action among African-Americans: The Moderating Effect of Racial Discrimination in the Workplace, HUMAN RELATIONS, 54:561-584 (2001)
Zero Tolerance for the First Amendment: Title VII’s Regulation of Employee Speech, OHIO NORTHERN UNIVERSITY LAW REVIEW, 27:563-605 (2001)
Women at War: An Evolutionary Perspective, BUFFALO LAW REVIEW, 49: 51-247 (2001)
Law, Biology, Sex, and Politics, in LAWRENCE A. FROLIK (ED.), LAW & EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY: SELECTED ESSAYS IN HONOR OF MARGARET GRUTER ON HER 80TH BIRTHDAY, pp. 73-86, Gruter Institute (2000)
Commentary: The Relevance of Sex Differences in Risk-Taking to the Military and the Workplace, BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES, 22:218-219 (1999) (short commentary on article by Anne Campbell)
The Use and Abuse of Statistical Evidence in Discrimination Cases, in Titia Loenen & Peter R. Rodrigues (eds.), NON-DISCRIMINATION LAW: COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVES, pp. 411-423, Kluwer: The Hague (1999)
Divided Labours: An Evolutionary View of Women at Work (1998), part of the Darwinism Today series, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London (U.S. edition published by Yale University Press, 1999) (Helena Cronin & Oliver Curry, series editors) (translated into Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, and Spanish)
The Evolutionary Psychology of Sexual Harassment (in press), to appear in Todd K. Shackelford & Joshua Duntley (eds.), EVOLUTIONARY FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY, Oxford University Press
An Evolutionary Account of Women’s Workplace Status, MANAGERIAL & DECISION ECONOMICS, 19:427-440 (1998)
The Strangely Persistent “Transposition Fallacy”: Why “Statistically Significant” Evidence of Discrimination May Not Be Significant, LABOR LAWYER, 14:437-455 (1998)
The X-Percent Solution: “Race Neutral” Affirmative Action in University Admissions, in Gail Heriot (ed.), CALIFORNIA DREAMING: PROPOSITION 209 AND THE PRINCIPLE OF NON-DISCRIMINATION IN ACTION, Institute of Governmental Studies, Berkeley (in press)
An Evolutionary Approach to Sexual Harassment: Seeking Roots in Biology Rather than Ideology, JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY LEGAL ISSUES, 8: 5-77 (1997)
Non-remedial Justifications for Affirmative Action in Employment: A Critique of the Justice Department Position, LABOR LAWYER, 12:451-473 (1997)
Affirmative Action: A Rose by Any Other Name, OHIO NORTHERN UNIVERSITY LAW REVIEW, 22:1125-1157 (1996) (reprint of testimony before House Committee on
Economic and Educational Opportunities, Subcommittee on Employer-Employee Relations, with introduction)
Sex and Temperament in Modern Society: A Darwinian View of the “Glass Ceiling” and the “Gender Gap” in Compensation, ARIZONA LAW REVIEW, 37:971-1106 (1995)
Workplace Censorship, RUTGERS LAW REVIEW, 47:579-594 (1995)
Statistical Proof of Discrimination: Beyond “Damned Lies”, WASHINGTON LAW REVIEW, 68:477-558 (1993)
The Civil Rights Act of 1991: A “Quota Bill,” a Codification of Griggs, a Partial Return to Wards Cove, or All of the Above?, CASE WESTERN RESERVE LAW REVIEW, 43:287-400 (1993)
Foreword: Racist Speech on Campus, WAYNE LAW REVIEW, 37:1309-1311 (1991)
Title VII as Censorship: Hostile Environment Harassment and the First Amendment, OHIO STATE LAW JOURNAL, 52:481-550 (1991)
Comparable Worth: An Impermissible Form of Affirmative Action?, LOYOLA OF LOS ANGELES LAW REVIEW, 22:717-759 (1989)
Raymond L. Wheeler & Kingsley R. Browne, Federal Preemption of State Wrongful Discharge Actions, INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS LAW JOURNAL, 8:1-45 (1986)
Raymond L. Wheeler & Kingsley R. Browne, Preemption of Wrongful Discharge Claims of Employees Covered by Collective Bargaining Agreements, LABOR LAWYER, 1:593-616 (1985)
Biology, Equality, and the Law: The Legal Significance of Biological Sex Differences, SOUTHWESTERN LAW JOURNAL, 38:617-702 (1984)
Liberty vs. Equality: Congressional Enforcement Power Under the Fourteenth Amendment, DENVER LAW JOURNAL, 59:417-458 (1982)
Community Communications Corporation v. City of Boulder, DENVER LAW JOURNAL, 59:399-406 (1982) (Case Comment)
Tenth Circuit Survey: Constitutional Law and Civil Rights, DENVER LAW JOURNAL, 59:239-269 (1982)
Rhode Island v. Innis: “Offhand Comments” or “Interrogation”?, DENVER LAW JOURNAL, 58:637-651 (1981) (Case Comment)
- August 24, 2010
Kingsley Browne gave a paper titled "What's all this Fuss About Ricci?" at the Southeastern Association of Law Schools Conference in Palm Beach, Fla.
- November 16, 2009
Kingsley Browne had a brief article published in Behavioral and Brain Sciences titled "Sex Differences in Aggression: Origins and Implications for Sexual Integration of Combat Forces."
- May 4, 2009
Kingsley Browne presented a paper titled Cohesion and Trust: Evolutionary Psychology and the Sexual Integration of Combat Forces on April 17, 2009, at the 10th annual Conference of the Society for Evolutionary Analysis in Law at Vanderbilt University in Nashville.
- October 15, 2008
Kingsley Browne was a guest on "Work with Marty Nemko" (KALW-San Francisco, NPR) on the subject of his book "Biology at Work."
- September 5, 2008
Kingsley Browne chapter "The Evolutionary Psychology of Sexual Harassment" was published in the book "Evolutionary Forensic Psychology: Darwinian Foundations of Crime and Law," published by Oxford University press and edited by Joshua D. Duntley and Todd K. Shackelford.
- June 27, 2008
Kingsley Browne was a guest on "Kresta in the Afternoon" (Ave Maria Radio) on May 24 discussing his book, "Co-ed Combat."
He spoke at the 20th Annual Meeting of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society in Kyoto, Japan, on June 8. His talk was titled "Trust and Cohesion: Integration of Women into Military Combat Units."
- December 7, 2007
Kingsley Browne book Co-ed Combat: The New Evidence That Women Shouldn't Fight the Nation's Wars was published by Sentinel (Penguin USA), Nov. 8, 2007.
On Oct. 4, 2007, he spoke on "Cohesion and Trust" at the Twelfth Annual Center for Military Readiness Celebration in Washington, D.C., at which he received "The CMR Spotlight Award" for his book, Co-ed Combat.
- Kingsley Browne was quoted in a Forbes article titled "Will allowing women in combat roles revolutionize military leadership?"
- Kingsley Browne was interviewed by WDET's Quinn Klinefelter for a report titled "Suit seeks to overturn ban on women in combat."
- Kingsley Browne was quoted in a report on WPCC-FM (Los Angeles) titled "Women in combat."
- Kingsley Browne commented in a Detroit Free Press article titled "Demoted GM executive sues, alleging age bias."
- Kingsley Browne participated in a Fox News Channel point-counterpoint discussion of women serving in military infantry units.
- Kingsley Browne was quoted in a Forbes.com story on sexual harassment titled "On Sexual Harassment: Hey Ladies, Man Up!"
- Kingsley Browne was quoted in the Daily Tribune in an article titled "Right to carry guns in Michigan a hot topic after recent headlines."
- Kingsley Browne was a guest on Today on Beyond Beijing (China Radio International) speaking about women in combat.
- Kingsley Browne was quoted in a Michigan Lawyers Weekly article titled "Michigan Court of Appeals rules parochial teacher not protected against alleged retaliatory dismissal." (Subscription required)
- Kingsley Browne was quoted extensively in an article by Marcia Clemmitt in CQ Researcher titled "Women in the Military: Should Combat Roles be Fully Opened to Women?"
- Kingsley Browne commented about the psychology of the sexes in an article about the history of human behavior on Economist.com on Dec. 18, 2008.
- Kingsley Browne was quoted by Tim Higgins in the Detroit Free Press in an article titled "Chrysler puts limit on sex harassment claims" on July 6, 2008.
- Kingsley Browne was quoted by Paula Davenport in the Spokesman-Review in an article titled "Crossing the line; Sexual harassment still a reality for service industry workers" on June 6, 2008.
- Kingsley Browne was quoted by Kristin Henderson in the Washington Post in an article titled "Ready to Kill" on Feb. 25, 2008.
- Kingsley Browne was quoted by AMY ALKON in the Herald News in an article titled "Handling frisky business at work" on Jan. 18, 2008.
- Kingsley Browne was a guest on The Dennis Prager Show, discussing his book "Co-ed Combat," on Dec. 10, 2007.
- Kingsley Browne was interviewed on the subject of his book Co-ed Combat on Viewpoint with Jean Dean (WRVC - Huntington, WV, 11/13/07); Traders Nation Live (Traders Nation Network, 11/15/07); Culture Shocks with Barry Lynn (Genesis Communication Network, 11/16/07); The Paul Edwards Program (WLQV - Detroit, 11/21/07).
- Kingsley Browne was interviewed on macleans.ca regarding the subject of his book "Co-ed Combat" on Nov. 8, 2007.
- Kingsley Browne was interviewed on the subject of his book Co-ed Combat on The Rude Awakening with Bulldog (WOCM - Ocean City, MD, 11/07/07); The Morning Show (WPHM - Detroit, MI, 11/08/07); The Brad Davis Show (Talk of Connecticut - Hartford, CT, 11/08/07); The Jan Mickelson Show (WHO - Des Moines, IA, 11/08/07); Public Affairs (KPTK - Seattle, WA, 11/08/07); and The Steve Fast Show (WJBC - Bloomington, IN, 11/12/07).
- Kingsley Browne was interviewed on the subject of his book Co-ed Combat on What Is Goin' On (WLYU - Vidalia, GA, 10/30/07); The Big Show with Michael Patrick Shiels (Michigan Talk Radio Network, 11/01/07) (second appearance); The Morning Show (KYMO - Prairie, MO, 11/02/07); Turning the Tide with Maggie Pascal (WCBM - Baltimore, MD, 11/02/07); Live with Alvin Augustus Jones (WCBQ - Raleigh, NC, 11/05/07); Drive Time with Roy Brassfield (WKCT - Nashville, TN, 11/05/07); The Frankie Boyer Show (Lifestyle Radio Ntwk - Boston, MA, 11/05/07); Tron in the Morning (KCMN - Colorado Springs, CO, 11/06/07).
- Kingsley Browne was interviewed by Newsweek on the subject of his book Co-ed Combat, October 24, 2007.
- Kingsley Browne was interviewed on the subject of his book Co-ed Combat on The Kathryn Zox Show (VoiceAmerica Webcast - Albany, NY, 10/25/2007), The Norm Jones Show (WTCM-AM - Traverse City, MI, 10/26/2007), and The Big Show with Michael Shiels (Michigan Talk Radio Network, 10/29/07).
- Kingsley Browne was the featured guest on Veterans Radio (broadcast from the studios of WDEO AM, Ann Arbor, Michigan) on the subject of his book Co-ed Combat, Sept. 29, 2007.
- Kingsley Browne was quoted in the current issue of Psychology Today in an article by Alan S. Miller and Satoshi Kanazawa called "Ten Politically Incorrect Truths About Human Nature" on the subject of sexual harassment.