Gregory H. Fox
Office: Room 3377
Telephone: (313) 577-0110
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B.A., Bates College
J.D., New York University Law School
Current Problems in International Law (Seminar)
International Legal Research. (Seminar)
Greg Fox specializes in international law. He joined Wayne State Law School in 2002 and is now a Professor of Law. Prior to joining the Wayne faculty, Professor Fox was an Assistant Professor of Law at Chapman Law School in Orange, California.
Professor Fox worked in the litigation department of Hale & Dorr in Boston and held fellowships at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and Public International Law in Heidelberg, Germany and at the Schell Center for Human Rights at Yale Law School before beginning his teaching career. From 1992-1995 he was the co-Director of the Center for International Studies at NYU Law School. He also served as a law clerk to the Honorable Alan H. Nevas of the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut.
Professor Fox is the recipient of a MacArthur Foundation/Social Science Research Council Fellowship in International Peace and Security. That fellowship allowed him to write The Right to Political Participation in International Law, 17 Yale J. Int'l L. 539 (1992), which is one of the ten most cited articles ever published in the Yale Journal. Much of Professor Fox's subsequent scholarship focuses on how the world-wide spread of democracy has affected the international legal system. He is the editor (with Brad Roth) of Democratic Governance and International Law (Cambridge 2000) and has published on democratic institutions in post-conflict states and the role of the UN Security Council in promoting democracy.
Professor Fox is now finishing Humanitarian Occupation, to be published in 2005 by Cambridge University Press. This book examines "internationalized territories" such as Bosnia, Kosovo and East Timor. In these places traditional notions of state sovereignty have been turned on their head, as the international community takes on the role of a national government. The book will explore the reasons for creation of these operations and their legal justification.
Professor Fox is counsel in several international cases. He was co-counsel to the State of Eritrea in the Zuqar-Hanish Islands arbitration with the Republic of Yemen, which determined the status of a group of islands in the southern Red Sea. He is now representing a group of Eritreans who were forcibly deported from Ethiopia in 1998 and had their property confiscated by the government. The case, filed under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act, is pending in US District Court in New York. Professor Fox has also served as counsel in several cases field under the Alien Tort Statute.
Professor Fox is a graduate of Bates College (BA, 1982 phi beta kappa, with highest honors) and New York University (JD, 1986).
Democratic Governance and International Law (Cambridge University Press ) 2000 Editor
From Amazon.com: "This book considers how the post-Cold War democratic revolution has affected international law. Traditionally, international law said little about the way in which governments were chosen. In the 1990s, however, international law has been deployed to encourage transitions to democracy, and to justify the armed expulsion of military juntas that overthrow elected regimes. In this volume, leading international legal scholars assess this change in international law and ask whether a commitment to democracy is consistent with the structure and rules of the international legal system."
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Humanitarian Occupation (Cambridge Studies in International and Comparative Law) (Cambridge University Press) 2008
From Amazon.com: "This book analyzes a new phenomenon in international law: international organizations assuming the powers of a national government in order to reform political institutions. After reviewing the history of internationalized territories, this book asks two questions about these 'humanitarian occupations'. First, why did they occur? The book argues that the missions were part of a larger trend in international law to maintain existing states and their populations. The only way this could occur in these territories, which had all seen violent internal conflict, was for international administrators to take charge. Second, what is the legal justification for the missions? The book examines each of the existing justifications and finds them wanting. A new foundation is needed, one that takes account of the missions' authorisation by the UN Security Council and their pursuit of goals widely supported in the international community."
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Entries on “An International Right to Democracy” and “Regime Change” in The Encyclopedia of Public International Law (forthcoming, Max Planck Institute 2008)
Internationalizing National Politics: Lessons for International Organizations, 13 WIDENER LAW REVIEW 1 (2007)
The Occupation of Iraq, 36 GEORGETOWN JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 195 (2005)
Book Review, “Diversity and Self-Determination in International Law” by Karen Knop, 98 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 229 (2004)
“The Security Council and Democratization” in The United Nations Security Council in the 21st Century (David Malone, ed.) (Lynne Rienner 2003)
“Comment on Sovereign Equality” in United States Hegemony and the Foundations of International Law (Michael Byers & Georg Nolte eds.) (Cambridge University Press 2003).
International Law and the Entitlement to Democracy After War, 9 GLOBAL GOVERNANCE 179 (2003)
Democracy and International Law, 27 REVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES 327 (2001) (with Brad R. Roth).
Conflicts of International Law, 2001 Proceedings of the American Society of International Law 183.
Election Monitoring: the International Legal Setting, 19 WISCONSIN JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 295 ( 2001).
Democratic Governance and International Law (with Brad R. Roth) (Cambridge University Press 2000).
Commentary, Symposium: Cannibal Democracies, 7 CARDOZO JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL AND COMPARATIVE LAW 479 (1999).
“The Right to Political Participation in International Law" in Law and Moral Action in International Affairs (Michael Loriaux and Cecilia Lynch eds.) (University of Minnesota Press 1999).
Strengthening the State, 7 INDIANA JOURNAL OF GLOBAL LEGAL STUDIES 35 (1999).
Book Review, Fragmentation and the International Relations of Micro-States by Jorri C. Duursma, 92 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 359 (1998).
"New Approaches to International Human Rights: The Sovereign State Revisited" in State Sovereignty: Change and Persistence in International Relations (Sohail Hashmi ed.) (Pennsylvania State University Press 1997).
International Law Decisions in National Courts (with Thomas M. Franck) (Transnational Publishers 1996).
The State and the Law, 7 CRIMINAL LAW FORUM 459 (1996) (reviewing Law, Power and the Sovereign State by Michael Ross Fowler and Julie Marie Bunck).
Self-Determination in the Post-Cold War Era: A New Internal Focus?, 16 MICHIGAN JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 733 (1995).
Multinational Election Monitoring: Advancing International Law on the High Wire, 18 FORDHAM INTERNATIONAL LAW JOURNAL 1901 (1995).
International Law and Civil Wars, 26 NYU JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND POLITICS 623 (1995).
Intolerant Democracies, 36 HARVARD INTERNATIONAL LAW JOURNAL 1 (1995) (with Georg Nolte).
The Right to Political Participation in International Law, 17 YALE JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 539 (1992). This is one of the ten most frequently-cited articles ever published in the Yale Journal of International Law. See 25 Yale J. Int’l L. 271 (2000).
Re-examining the Act of State Doctrine: An Integrated Conflicts Analysis, 33 HARVARD INTERNATIONAL LAW JOURNAL 521 (1992).
- May 10, 2011
Gregory Fox spoke at Vanderbilt Law School's International Legal Studies Roundtable on International Organizations in Transition, which took place on April 18, 2011.
- May 4, 2009
Gregory Fox will deliver the Hillaire McCoubrey Memorial Lecture at the University of Hull (England) on May 13, 2009. The lecture will be titled Transformative Occupation: Needed Progress or Retrogression?
- March 11, 2009
Gregory Fox is spending his Sabbatical this semester as a Visiting Fellow at the Lauterpacht Research Center for International Law, Cambridge University, UK. On March 13 Professor Fox gave a public lecture at the Center on "The Obama Administration and International Law."
- June 27, 2008
Gregory Fox served as moderator in a panel discussion on Corporate Responsibility for Human Rights on May 20. The event was held at Ford World Headquarters by the Committee on International Human Rights of the State Bar of Michigan, of which Fox serves as chair.
On June 14-15, he attended a meeting in Stockholm, Sweden of authors for a book entitled "Exit Strategies and Peace Consolidation." He is the author of the chapter on military occupation. The meeting was sponsored by Oxford University and the Folke Bernadotte Institute in Stockholm.
- April 21, 2008
Gregory Fox has been invited to be part of a group of experts convened by the International Committee of the Red Cross in Geneva to consult on a new project on the international law of occupation. The group's first meeting will take place in late May.
He gave a talk on "The Object and Purpose of Treaties" at the Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law in Washington on April 12, 2008.
- January 14, 2008
Gregory Fox spoke at a conference in Kiel, Germany entitled "A Wiser Century? The 100th Anniversary of the 1907 Hague Peace Conference," where he spoke about the international administration of territory.
He spoke at a conference in Florence, Italy of authors of chapters in a forthcoming book entitled "Exit Strategies and Peace Consolidation." There, he spoke on how occupying powers attempt to secure the peace upon leaving occupied territories.
- November 13, 2006
Gregory Fox spoke at the United Nations / IUCN Environmental Law Colloquium in New York in October. The Colloquium brought together leading environmental officials and scholars from around the world, and many of the sessions were held at the UN building in Manhattan. He presented a paper entitled "The Evolving Role of Citizens in United States-Canadian International Environmental Law Compliance." The paper will appear in an upcoming volume published by the Cambridge University Press and a special peer-reviewed edition of the Pace Environmental Law Review.
- October 30, 2006
Gregory Fox spoke to the Paralegal Section of the Detroit Metropolitan Bar Association.
- October 9, 2006
Gregory Fox gave a talk on "Regulation of Anti-Democratic Actors" at the Annual Colloquium on International Human Rights in Athens, Greece in June 2006.
He gave a talk on the occupation of Iraq at the Institute for International Law, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Germany in May 2006.
Professor Fox spoke on a panel at Widener Law School on Democratizing International Organizations in April 2006.
He is writing the entries on "Regime Change" and "Protection of the International Right to Democracy" for the Encyclopedia of Public International Law, published by the Max Planck Institute in Heidelberg, Germany
Professor Fox co-authored a brief to the DC Circuit in Nemariam v. Commercial Bank of Ethiopia, an appeal dealing with the question of whether intangible property is covered by the "international takings" exception to the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act.
- Gregory Fox was quoted in a Detroit Legal News article titled "Law student publishes book on human rights violations in India."
- Gregory Fox was quoted in a News-Herald Newspaper article titled "Anti-Sharia proposals about culture, not courts"
- Gregory Fox was quoted in a Dearborn Press & Guide article titled "Wayne Law student from Dearborn Heights working in Lebanon."
- Gregory Fox , along with Wayne Law Professor Brad Roth, was a guest on "The Craig Fahle Show" discussing the recent United Nations meeting where Palestine advocated for full membership in the international group.
- Gregory Fox was featured in a Detroit Legal News article titled "Professor spearheads Program for International Legal Studies, invites speakers on international issues to Wayne campus."
- Gregory Fox was featured in a Macomb Legal News article, along with Wayne Law Professor Julia Qin and Michigan Law Professor Nico Howson, for his role in the U.S.-China Economic Law Conference held at Wayne Law on Feb. 11, 2011.